A theory is a structured, explanatory, abstract and coherent set of interconnected statements about a reality.
In cybernetics, modelling is a constituent part of theory building.
- Refutability (ability to be falsified or supported)
- Importance (worth or significance)
- Precision and clarity (hypotheses can easily be developed from the theory)
- Parsimony and simplicity (limitation of complexity and assumptions to essentials)
- Comprehensiveness (covering the substantive areas of interest)
- Operationality (being specific enough to be testable and measurable)
- Validity (accurate representation of the real system under study)
- Reliability (being free from measurement errors)
- Fruitfulness (statements lead to insight and the development of new knowledge)
- Practicality (delivering conceptual frameworks for practical applications).
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Schwaninger, Markus ; Grösser, Stefan N.: System Dynamics as Model-Based Theory Building. In: Systems Research and Behavioral Science 25 (2008), Nr. 4, S. 447-465.
- ↑ C. H. Patterson (1986), Theories of counseling and psychotherapy, New York: Harper & Row, ISBN 0060450533, 0060450533, http://openlibrary.org/books/OL2535567M/Theories_of_counseling_and_psychotherapy
- ↑ E. F. Holton, J. S. Lowe (2007). Toward a general research process for using Dubin's theory building model. Human Resource Development Review. 6(3): 297-320